Department of Bhot Jyotish Vidya

Department of Bhot Jyostish Vidya, Tibetan Astrology at Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies was established in 1993 to preserve and promote the Tibetan tradition of Astrology, and conduct research in this field to enrich the science.

The Tibetan astrological sciences can be classified into three categories: astronomy (skar-rtsis) and elemental astrology ('byung-rtsis) and divination and prediction purpose (gyang char). Both skar-rtsis and 'byung-rtsi are blends of Indian, Persian, Greece and Buddhist traditions. Tibetan 'byung-rtsis is the ancient art of calculation and elucidation of celestial phenomena. The Tibetan system of astronomy, skar-rtsis, is the study of cosmology. This system draws from the Kalachakra Tantra. Therefore, it is the very important for yogis to master dkar-rtsis for the practice Kalachakra Tantra.

Dbyangs-char, is a different form, which assigns a different vowel to each of the days of the month. On this bases it calculates its effect on births, deaths, marriages and prolonged illnesses and so forth.

Tibetan astrology plays a vital role in the daily life of men and women is such occasions as birth, marriage and death, in determining the auspicious time for setting art in journey, etc.

History
Before the introduction of Buddhism in Tibet, Bon religion formed the basis of Tibetan astrology. Bon acknowledges the five elements and use a system of astrological prediction and divination.

Tibetan King Namri Songtsen, father of the great Songtsen Gampo, sent four brilliant young scholars to China to study astrology. They introduced new elements in Tibetan astrology. However, during that time writing was not in vogue, therefore, the information was preserved orally.

In 7th century, The King Songtsen Gampo, married the Chinese princess, Kong Ju, who introduced Chinese Classical Elemental Astrology in Tibet.

During the reign of the emperor Trisong Detsen, development of Tibetan medicine, astrology and Buddhism reached new heights. This period can be called the golden period of Tibetan history. The high standard set by Indian and Tibetan scholars at this period survived for centuries

In 11th century AD, Sri Kalachakra Tantra, was translated from Sanskrit into Tibetan. This Buddhist Tantra text became the basis of modern Tibetan Astrology, which led to the formulation of the Tibetan almanac.

In the 17th century, Tibetan astrology was raised to its previous glory under the leadership of H.H the Fifth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso. His regent, Desi Sangye Gyatso, compiled Tibetan astrology, which has remained useful as a handbook for Tibetan astrologers.

Research Projects
1. Research on preparation of a modern Almanac by bringing the Tibetan Almanac closer to Indian Panchang.
2. Compilation of texts related to Tibetan Astro-science from the Kagyur, Tangyur and Sungbums make it available to students and scholars.

Scholarly Assistance
Faculties of this department engage in teaching the students of exchange programme from Smith College, USA and Tasmania University, Australia.

Faculty Members

Name : Shri Jampa Chhophel    
Designation : Assistant Professor(HOD)
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Name : Shri Tashi Tsering (J)    
Designation : Associate Professor
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